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 Conditional Sentences

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PostSubject: Conditional Sentences   Fri May 23, 2008 6:29 pm

Conditional Sentences are also known as Conditional Clauses or If
Clauses. They are used to express that the action in the main clause
(without if) can only take place if a certain condition (in the clause with if) is fulfilled. There are three types of Conditional Sentences.

Conditional Sentence Type 1

if
+ Simple Present, will-Future


Example: If I find her address, I will send her an invitation.


The main clause can also be at the beginning of the sentence. In this case, don't use a comma.
Example: I will send her an invitation if I find her address.


Main clause and / or if clause might be negative.
Example: If I don’t see him this afternoon, I will phone him in the evening.


Conditional Sentence Type 2


if + Simple Past, Conditional I (= would + Infinitive)

Example: If I found her address, I would send her an invitation.


The main clause can also be at the beginning of the sentence. In this case, don't use a comma.
Example: I would send her an invitation if I found her address.

Main clause and / or if clause might be negative.
Example: If I had a lot of money, I wouldn’t stay here.

Were instead of Was


In IF Clauses Type II, we usually use ‚were‘ – even if the pronoun is I, he, she or it –.
Example: If I were you, I would not do this.

Conditional Sentence Type 3


if + Past Perfect, Conditional II(= would + have + Past Participle)

Example: If I had found her address, I would have sent her an invitation.

The main clause can also be at the beginning of the sentence. In this case, don't use a comma.
Example: I would have sent her an invitation if I had found her address.

Main clause and / or if clause might be negative.
Example: If I hadn’t studied, I wouldn’t have passed my exams


Exceptions

Sometimes Conditional Sentences Type I, II and III can also be used with other tenses.Condition refers to: IF Clause Main Clause

→ It is possible and also very likely that the condition will be fulfilled.

Actually thats the basic on conditional sentence.









































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PostSubject: Re: Conditional Sentences   Fri May 23, 2008 9:58 pm

Keep it up OBSI........... TS
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PostSubject: Questions with Conditions   Sun May 25, 2008 6:13 am

You can, of course, ask questions with conditions:

Yes-no Questions


  • Does Homer get angry if you forget to feed him?
  • Would it hurt the car if you put apple juice in the gas tank?
  • Does it hurt your computer if you leave it on all night?
Information Questions

  • What happens to your computer if you leave it on all night?
  • What would happen if you put apple juice in the gas tank?
Unreal: What would you do if you got the job?

Real:
What will you do if you get the job?


Please remember : The main thing to consider when you are writing conditional sentences is whether or not the condition (IF clause) is real or possible.

Unreal condition:
If I were the king of the world, I would make it easy to write English.

Real condition:

If I'm your teacher next year, I'll give you some writing exercises.
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PostSubject: Real and Unreal   Sun May 25, 2008 7:23 am

Real and Unreal >>> Really confusing topic. I hope it can give us an idea.

Real Conditional describes real-life situations.

Unreal Conditional describes unreal, imaginary situations.

Quote :
Explanations are highlighted Brown color

Present Real ConditionalPresent Unreal Conditional
If I have time, I study English.

Sometimes I have time.
If I had time, I would study

I don't have time.
English.
Past Real ConditionalPast Unreal Conditional
If I had time, I studied English.

Sometimes I had time.
If I had had time, I would have studied English.

I didn't have time.
Future Real ConditionalFuture Unreal Conditional
If I have time, I will study
If I have time, I am going to study English.

I don't know if I will have time or not.


If I had time, I would study


I won't have time.



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